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Iranian Handicrafts: Monjugh Duzi – Tehran Times

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TEHRAN – Monjugh Duzi is a kind of Iranian embroidery, whose know-how has been passed down from generation to generation since Antiquity.

Mojughs are small beads that look like glass and are sewn to clothing and other textiles.

There are historical documents and evidence that prove that this art was very popular in the Achaemenid and Sassanid times. At the time, tents, rugs, and clothing were adorned by the Monjughs, but this was a custom specific to the aristocrats.

According to scholars, Monjugh flourished again at the end of the 20th century, during the Qajar era. Some of the precious and elaborate pieces of Monjugh Duzi from this era are kept at the Decorative Arts Museum of Iran and can be visited.

Gradually, the material for making Monjugh changed from gems to glass and they turned into a craft that is practiced and used by ordinary people.

According to Visit Iran, Monjugh Duzi is the art of sewing Mojugh beads onto fabrics. The first step is to pass the beads through the thread using a needle, then sew them onto the fabric according to the pattern. There are many designs and patterns that can be applied to Monjugh Duzi such as “Gol o Morgh” (flower and bird), “Gol o Buteh” (flower and bush), kinds of cashmere, birds, animals, hunting, geometric, trees, cypress, arabesque, “Toranji” and “Sar Toranji”, “Sar Lachaki”, “Shamsehee”, “Bazubandi”, “Band Rumi”, “Shah Abbasi”, knots, Kelims patterns, sacred names , etc. .

Monjughs are most often sewn onto thick silk, satin and other shiny fabrics of various colors, and in styles such as “Khati” or linear, “Tupor” where the pattern is filled with Monjugh, “Bast Duzi “,” Cobareh Duzi “and” Barjesteh Duzi “or in relief. Sometimes it is used with other embroidery like “Gheytan Duzi” which is made with thick thread, or with silk thread, sequins, beads and filigree.

This delicate craft can be applied to ornate clothing, headdresses, money bags, decorative paintings, pencil holders, stamp or brush cases, bags, box or utensil covers, belts, necklaces, anklets, coasters and many other items.

The Monjugh Duzi has been practiced in the towns of Urmia and Tabriz for a very long time and is very popular today. Additionally, there are other Monjugh artists and fans in cities like Tehran, Isfahan, and southern Iran.

AFM